How to survive in high mountains of Bolivia
Climb a high mountain is an event that you have to get ready for in advance. You need to have proper physical and mental condition and to grab the necessary supplies.
Here we are talking about the Andes, namely, the part located west of Bolivia (highest point). The advantage of travel the mountains in Latin America is that many cities (such as the capital of Bolivia and Ecuador) are already quite high and after having lived there for some time one can easily acclimatize.
There are some preparations that must be taken before going up:
- Check the body for resistance to cold and if not ready prepare your clothes and plenty of water.
- Practice breathing on higher capacity and adapt the lungs to supply oxygen in the air where there is very little oxygen.
- Achieve a strong physical condition and strengthen the muscles of the legs (it is best to run for at least 2 weeks before to climb a mountain).
What you need to bring:
- In addition to the basic equipment, it is necessary to have a thermos of coffee or hot and sweet tea (it can be instant coffee). It is that in the mountains, the body loses heat. Therefore, it is important to maintain a constant temperature and prevent the extremities from cooling.
- Products that contain rapidly digestible sugar – chocolate, nuts, candies. It is an excellent way to quickly replace the lack of calories and heat. They help to climb the mountain so you can eat them all the time on the road.
- Food: better rice, and canned foods that may contain water, vegetables, and fruits. When you’re up, the body can’t easily digest regular food. We have to help the body recover from this state by saturating it with simple and easy food.
- Warm clothes for the cold and the rain (better to take the maximum of things). Keep the body warm – this is the fundamental principle of recovery in the mountains. The first symptoms of altitude sickness are hypothermia, nausea, lack of appetite and headaches.
What is important to remember when going up:
- There is no need to give all the best and to make the record. It is important to choose for yourself a comfortable pace of recovery and the rhythm of breathing. Better to go slower than stopping every five minutes. The best thing is to have the need to stop every half hour or so.
- Listen to the guide and follow his instructions. It is better to go with the group without separating. If necessary, you can go away for a while after notifying the guide.
- Every hundred meters you feel heavier. But the body gets used to it, so you can overcome the difficulties. It is important not to forget the goal of the climb and go for it happily.
- If you feel very bad it is better to go down. It does not matter how much you have left to the top. If the body is signaling that it feels very bad, it is necessary to listen to it. Even ten meters can be fatal.
- Only practice and regular exercises help the body adapt. Do not be discouraged if some climbs are now impossible. The main thing is not to lose the will and the desire to continue with mountain sports.